In the framework of risk assessment in nuclear accident analysis, best-estimate computer codes are used to estimate safety margins. Several inputs of the code can be uncertain, due to a lack of knowledge but also to the particular choice of accidental scenario being considered. The objective of this work is to identify the most penalizing (or critical) configurations of several input parameters (called “scenario inputs”), independently of the uncertainty of the other inputs. Critical configurations of the scenario inputs correspond to high values of the code output Y, defined here by exceeding the 90%-quantile.
However, thermal-hydraulic codes are too CPU-time expensive to be directly used to propagate the input uncertainties and solve the inversion problem. The adopted solution consists in fitting the code output by a metamodel, built from a reduced number of code simulations. When the number of input parameters is very large (e.g., around a hundred here), the metamodel building remains a challenge. To overcome this, we have developed a methodology, called ICSCREAM for Identification of penalizing Configurations using SCREening And Metamodel.
Applied from a Monte Carlo sample of code simulations, the ICSCREAM methodology judiciously combines a step of SA to identify and rank the main influential inputs and to reduce the dimension, before building a Gaussian process (GP) metamodel. SA relies on new statistical independence tests that aggregate information of global and target Hilbert-Schmidt independence criteria. The GP is then efficiently built with a sequential process, where the inputs are taken into account in a more or less fine way, according to their supposed influence. Finally, the GP metamodel is intensively used to estimate the conditional probabilities of Y exceeding the critical value, according to each inputs to be penalized. Accurate uncertainty propagation, not feasible with the computational costly model, become therefore accessible with the ICSCREAM methodology.
Joint work with Bertrand Iooss (EDF R&D & IMT) and Vincent Chabridon (EDF R&D).
Organizing committee: Julien Bect (L2S), Emmanuel Vazquez (L2S), Didier Clouteau (MSSMAT), Filippo Gatti (MSSMAT), Fernando Lopez Caballero (MSSMAT), Amélie Fau (LMT), Bertrand Iooss (EDF R&D).
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